Australia’s immigrant visa system is a very complex and sophisticated system.
The Australian Federal Government has designed various types of visas according to the needs of national homeland security, economic development, human resources, humanitarian assistance, family reunion, international exchanges, students’ needs for education, and the trends of tourism.
Four main streams exist under the skilled component of the Migration Program:
General skilled migration: This stream is suitable for skilled workers who do not have an employer sponsoring them. Migrants are selected on the basis of their nominated occupation, age, skills, qualifications, English language ability and employability.
Employer nomination: This stream is suitable for those who have an employer willing to sponsor them.
Business skills migration: This stream encourages successful business people to settle in Australia and develop new business opportunities
Distinguished talent :This is a small category for “distinguished” individuals with special or unique talents of benefit to Australia’ such as sports people, musicians, artists and designers, who are internationally recognised as outstanding in their field.
The conditions under each type of visa may change almost every quarter according to the international circumstances. Therefore, one might not be able to retrieve the latest and reliable information from the past experience, social platform or news . Each type of visa has its own purpose, and the conditions adhered and timeframe to meet the requirements. Some visa applications are more complex. A professional migration agent can help you to plan and achieve a successful outcome.
Other Streams are:
Family Stream:This visa stream allows people who are sponsored, usually by a family member, come to Australia to visit or stay permanently with their family members.
Humanitarian Program:The program helps to save lives, alleviate suffering and enhance human dignity during and in the aftermath of conflict, disasters and other humanitarian crises.
The 5 most popular skilled migration subclasses are 485 visa, 189 visa 190 visa, 491 visa and 191 visa.
They can be classified as the points test system and Non-Points test system.
485 visa : the temporary graduate visa (subclass 485) allows the applicant to remain in Australia to live, study or work after the applicant has finished his/her studies. The visa has two streams: Graduate Work stream and Post-Study Work stream. The level of stay will depend on which stream the applicant applies for.
189 visa : This stream is for Points-tested skilled graduates. It allows the applicant to live and work in Australia as a permanent resident. For the Skilled Independent (Points-tested) stream the applicant needs to submit an expression of interest. If the applicant is a New Zealand citizen you may be eligible to apply for the Skilled Independent visa ( subclass 189) (New Zealand) stream.
190 visa : 190 visa is points based and allows skilled graduates / workers who are nominated by an Australian state or territory government to live and work in Australia as a permanent resident.
491 visa : A points based and allows skilled graduates / workers who are nominated by an Australian regional government to live and work in Australia as a Temporary resident.
191 visa : This visa is for people who have lived, worked and studied in designated regional areas Australia on a previous, eligible visa. This visa does not commence until 16 November 2022.
The Skilled migration is one of the solutions to resolve the skill shortage in Australia.However, Australia government sets a variety of regulations within employer sponsored visas that are designed to put job opportunities for Australia workers first. This is to ensure that overseas workers complement, but do not displace Australian workers. These regulations include:
- requiring market salary rates to be paid to sponsored workers
- mandating a minimum salary of $53,900
- limiting the occupations that are eligible for employer sponsorship to only those determined to be in demand in the Australian labour market by the Department of Education, Skills and Employment
- requiring employers to contribute to the Skilling Australians Fund
- requiring overseas workers to hold relevant Australian registration, licences and certificates
- skills, english language, age, and work experience requirements for overseas workers
- retrenchments in the previous 12 months
- reduction of hours worked during the previous 12 months
- reduction in pay and conditions within the previous 12 months
- employment of a temporary visa holder on conditions less favourable than Australians
- recruitment of temporary visa holders beyond the ordinary scope of the business
- 482 Temperory Skill Shortage Visa
- 494 Skilled Employer Sopnsored Regional ( Provisional ) Visa
- 186 Employer Nomination Scheme Visa
- 187 Temperorary Residence Transitional visa
This visa allows you to own and manage a business in Australia, conduct business and investment activity in Australia or undertake an entrepreneurial activity in Australia. There are 7 main stream in business visas.
Business Innovation stream
This provisional visa is for people with business skills. It lets you operate a new or existing business in Australia.
Stay 4 years and 3 months.
This provisional visa requires you to invest at least AUD1.5 million in an Australian State or Territory and maintain business or investment activity in Australia.
Stay 4 years and 3 months.
Significant Investor stream
This provisional visa is for people who invest at least AUD5 million in Australian investments that meet certain requirements and maintain investment activity in Australia.
Stay Up to 4 years and 3 months.
Business Innovation Extension stream
This provisional visa lets holders of the Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional) visa (subclass 188) in the Business Innovation stream extend their stay in Australia for 2 more years, or up to 4 more years if COVID-19 concessions apply.
Significant Investor Extension stream
This provisional visa lets holders of a Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional) visa (subclass 188) Significant Investor stream holders extend their stay in Australia for up to 4 more years. Stay
Extend stay for up to 4 years
Stay 6 years after the date of the grant of the original Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional) visa (subclass 188) Innovation stream that you held at the time of application; or 8 years after the date of the grant of the original Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional) visa (subclass 188) Business Innovation stream if the visa that you held at the time of application was a Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional) visa (subclass 188) Business Innovation Extension stream.
Premium Investor stream
This provisional visa is for people who are nominated by Austrade and who invest at least AUD15 million in Australian investments and/or philanthropic contributions.
Stay 4 years and 3 months
This provisional visa lets you carry out entrepreneurial activities in Australia.
Stay 4 years and 3 months
- Partner visas,
- Parent visas Child visas and,
- Remaining Relative Visa.
For people travelling to Australia as a tourist, for business visitor activities, or to see family.
eVisitor (subclass 651)
An eVisitor (subclass 651) is a free visa for eligible passport holders outside Australia who want to visit Australia for tourism or business purposes and for up to three months at a time within a 12-month period. This visa is available to passport holders from a number of European countries and it cannot be extended.
Electronic Travel Authority visa (subclass 601)
This visa allows you to visit Australia as many times as you want, for up to a year, and stay for three months each visit. This visa is available to passport holders from a number of countries and regions, who live outside Australia. There is no visa application charge for an ETA, however a $20 service charge applies for online applications only.
Visitor visa (subclass 600)
The Visitor visa is designed for people who are not eligible for the eVisitor or Electronic Travel Authority visa. People can travel to Australia as a tourist, to visit family or for business for up to three, six or 12 months. Applicants will have to pay a fee to submit their application. Contact us to get updated information on visas options.