Introduction of Australian Education System


The education system in Australia has a good international reputation, scoring well above average in international education league tables. It offers a diverse range of study options for international students, with more than 1,100 institutions and over 22,000 courses tailored for you. Their primary, secondary and tertiary education linked across the country and across the world. Any schools or institutions recruiting international students must have a CRICOS number. What contributes to the success of the education system in Australia?


  • For Schools:
  • For Vocational Sector
  • For Higher Education Sector
  • A higher standard of learning
  • Producing thought leaders
  • Quality teaching styles and assessment methods
  • Offer qualifications recognised by all Australian universities, higher education and vocational education and training institutions, as well as many institutions internationally. – Support for students’ welfare.
  • develop practical skills for work
  • an alternative pathway to university
  • an opportunity to further develop career skills
  • enable university graduates who need to acquire practical skills for the work
  • to develop personal interests
  • Globally recognised qualifications
  • Uncompromising quality assurance
  • A great place to live and study
  • World-changing research and development


Primary & Secondary  Schools

Schools across all of Australia only have minor variation between states and territories. It comprises preschool, preparatory ( or kindergarten ), primary school, secondary school ( or high school ) and senior secondary school ( or college).Primary & Secondary education is compulsory betw een age 6 to 16 ( Year 1 to Year 9 & 10 ). Senior secondary school runs for two years ( Year 11 & 12 ).There are government and non-government schools ( including faith based like Catholic or Islamic schools ) and schools based on learning philosophies like Montessori and Steiner. Each school must register with the local State government and complies with the requirements in terms of infrastructure and teaching registration. They do more than just educate the students in order to prepare them for life- developing communication skills, respecting others and self-discipline. There are broad range of subjects students can learn at school. Many senior high schools do offer some Cert I courses which normally run in the vocational sector. This is to enrich them for the dynamic environment.

At the end of Year 12, students are required to take the public exams for the tertiary entrance. Each state has its own format of this exam. Some schools do offer International Baccalaureate programs as an alternative. Students will receive a formal qualification after successfully passing the exam.

Majority of the primary schools in Australia are co-education. In general, there is no entrance exam except for selective schools. Schools offer a broad curriculum in the key learning areas – English, mathematics, studies of society and the environment, science, arts, Languages Other Than English ( LOTE ), technology, health and physical education. They also believe strongly in the benefits of a rounded education – including the teamwork, self-expression and personal development that happens outside the classroom. Around 70% of primary school students are studying in local public schools.Some public schools accept international enrolments.

Junior high runs from year 7 to 10. Senior high runs from year 11 to 12 English is a compulsory subject in all Australian high schools. In most cases, mathematics, natural science and physical education are compulsory too. Some, such as mathematics, also have advanced modules for more ambitious students.

The compulsory subjects are taught in all of the Australian schools. There is also a wide range of optional subjects like wood work, business studies, food science etc.Graduates who successfully complete Years 11 and 12 receive a High School Certificate or “HSC” ( comparable to a Baccalaureate ) and can proceed to tertiary education ( university or college ).

For international students, they have an additional pathway to university after completing high school. This is a foundation program which can lead to an undergraduate program or some VET courses.They are most commonly used as a pathway for students who do not meet the entry requirements of an undergraduate Bachelor degree program. Such programs are offered by institutions in the School, VET, ELICOS and Higher Education sectors.their results are accepted by those institutions with prior arrangements and may guarantee a place in an undergraduate program to a student. They are often packaged with the undergraduate program the student wishes to study.they focus on the subjects typically taken by international students at an undergraduate level. Successful Foundation graduate will be admiited to the first year of the packaged bachelor program.

Vocational Education

Majority of the high school leavers would continue their studies at universities. Some choose to study at vocational institutes ( ither Technical and Further Education ( TAFE ) or private institutions which offer skilled based programs on various occupations. The courses in this sector ranges from Cert I to advanced Diploma, The qualifications are outcome-based and focus on the occupational skills and competencies gained. After completing in vocational sector, students have choices to work or further study at universities. Many universities offer credits on these advanced diploma courses. Some universities offer diploma courses too.

The general purpose of these courses are:

  • - to prepare candidates for both employment and further education and training;
  • - recognise skills and knowledge that meet national industry standards.
Certificates I and II are qualifications which recognise the students' basic vocational skills and knowledge. Certificates III and IV are the equivalent of trade certificates in various vocations. These prepare students for both employment and further education and training in their chosen field.

Diploma courses focuse on preparing students to use their skills and knowledge based on fundamental principles and complex techniques;

recognise the ability to show initiative and judgment across a broad range of technical and management functions;

The Advanced Diploma is a more specialised qualification that shows skill and knowledge of a greater complexity and a higher level of personal accountability.

Tertiary Education

This is the highest level of education and there are three main types of higher education which lead to Bachelor, Master and Doctoral Degrees.There are 43 universities in Australia ( 40 Australian universities, two international universities, and one private specialty university ). Along with our universities, many other institutions offer higher education courses. Many of them have campuses in different States. There are usually 2-3 semesters in a year: February, July/August & November. Many tertiary education providers offer an environment to enable their students to enjoy learning like sports facilities, dormitory, green outdoor areas, different clubs for social networking.

Australia has a strong reputation for excellence and quality across its higher education and training programs. It is ranked by discipline, particularly in engineering and technology, medicine, environmental science, and accounting and finance. That is the reason why there are a large number of international students who want to pursue higher education in Australia . Higher education courses are offered by universities, private colleges and some bachelor courses are offered by TAFE institutes.

Some professional courses — such as medicine, veterinary science, law and architecture — are only offered by universities. The Bachelor courses which normally last for 3 years comprises compulsory and elective subjects that are listed in the course outline. The Bachelor degree ( honours ) may require an optional additional year of study ( usually research based ) following a three-year degree or may be awarded for academic achievement in degrees of four or more years.

This is another level after bachelor program. There are two streams of study either by coursework or by research .

This master degree will take 1 to 2 years to complete after completing a bachelor degree. You are expected to possess discipline to work independently and have ability to solve complex problems.

By Coursework

It delivers content through a set unit program (similar to an undergraduate Bachelor degree), but at a more advanced level. Coursework will allow you to deepen your knowledge within a discipline, or to pursue a new or additional study area at an advanced level

Masters Degree (Research) -

This course allows you to develop your knowledge and experience within your field by completing a major research project under the supervision of an academic.

This is the highest qualification amongst all postgraduate program as it qualifies the degree holder to teach their chosen subject at university level or to work in a specialized position in their chosen field. It normally takes 3 years to complete.With world-class research centres and internationally ranked universities,Australia is also a vibrant hub for research and scholarship.